Jan 072013

In the capacity of a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the monuments of Fatehpur Sikri, have many jewels in the form of a white marble tomb, a lofty gateway, a huge mosque, pillared palaces, interesting baths and many more, But there is a small, picturesque building in the royal enclosure of Fatehpur that impressed me the most. This small building is known as Turkish Sultana’s House and it is one of the most highly ornamented buildings in Fatehpur Sikri.


Turkish Sultana’s House

It contains only a single apartment, surrounded by a verandah, but in the carving of every surface within there is a wealth of invention and decorative skills rarely achieved anywhere in the mughal monuments. In the word of Fergusson :

It is one of the richest, the most beautiful and the most characteristic’s of all Akbar’s buildings. It is impossible to conceive anything so picturesque in outline or any building carved out and ornamented to such an extent without the smallest approach to being overdone or in bad taste.

The interior of this house is as richly carved as the exterior and hardly a square inch of space has been allowed to remain unattended.


Floral carvings


Another Floral Carvings

The lower section of each inner wall are especially remarkable with glamorous carvings of trees, flowers, birds and animals in eight different panels. However, no extra care is there inside the pavilion to protect the carvings from increasing flux of tourists. They are handled badly by them and loosing their shines with the time.


A lower panel of the wall


A lower panel of the wall


A lower panel of the wall


A lower panel of the wall


A lower panel of the wall


A lower panel of the wall

This house is believed to be the residence of a Turkish Queen, one of the Akbar’s favorite, which name was Turkish Sultana. But there is no strong evidences available to support this fact.  Considering the Mughal Architecture,  it was very strange to built a  queen’s palace outside the harem. This building was probably one of the king’s personal palaces.


Roof of the pavilion


Carvings on the pillar


Decoration above the entrances


A pillar of the house

Its exterior as well as interior has ornamental relief of geometric and floral designs in red sand stone which give the impression of timber decoration.


Two walls with geometric patterns and carvings in lower panel


Geometrical carving in a wall


Decorative carvings

During the visit of Fatehpur Sikri, I enjoyed the carvings of this building much more in comparison to the other buildings. Every inch of this building is very much fascinating. It is hard to believe that those carvings were erected on the red sandstones to architect this building in such a nice way.

Apart from Turkish Sultana’s House, the royal enclosure of Fatehpur Sikri has many other attractions like Jodha Bai’s Palace, Birbal’s Palace, Mariam’s Palace, Anup Talao, Panch Mahal etc. Stay connected with this blog for the future posts on those fabulous attractions of this World Heritage Site.

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  4 Responses to “Most Impressive Building of Fatehpur Sikri: Turkish Sultana’s House”

  1. the monuments without advance technology, but marvelus and trusted as leak proof and safe with natural desaster. what the tech. used as that time… salute the architectures and Engineers for those period.

  2. Just THE Beauty and LOVE.
    I want see it!!

  3. I visited Fatehpur Sikri as a kid, but still remember the amazing beauty of the place. But reading your post makes me want to go there again, soon, with my camera this time!

  4. Intricate and beautiful works on the wall. Nice photographs.

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